Evergreen trees are known due to their stability and grand appearance. Because they are usually seen in places where there is ample space, most people are wondering if it would be wise to plant them in a smaller area.
When planting a tree, one of the most important factors you have to consider before getting your trowel and soil ready is how much space you need for its roots to grow. Evergreen trees are beautiful, but you may want to do your research before making your decision of planting them on your lawn.
What are evergreen trees?
Evergreen trees, just like their name, are trees that stay green all year long. Unlike other tree variants that hibernate during some seasons and sheds off their leaves, evergreen trees maintain most of their foliage in all 12 months of the year. This does not mean that evergreen does not shed their leaves because they do, however at a much slower rate compared to other variants. Evergreen trees can usually be found in places with tropical climates, but some can be planted in other areas where the temperature is low, depending on the type.
This type of tree is known to be hardy and can grow in various conditions, whether in poor soil that lacks nutrients or too cold for other trees, evergreen trees can more likely survive on their own and do not need too much maintenance.
Do evergreen trees have deep roots?
Because evergreen trees are usually taller and sturdier than other types of trees as it is made to keep most of its leaves all year, they have a higher need in terms of soil and nutrient requirements. Evergreen trees can stand to several meters once they reach their maturity, and it is normal for a tall tree to have deeper roots to be able to maintain its stability.
There are so many variants of evergreen trees, and there are some whose roots can spread at a much lower depth. There are several factors that can affect how deep the root will grow, such as the soil where the tree is planted, the nutrients available in the soil, and so much more. It is known that if a tree is not able to receive the adequate nutrients that it needs, its roots will spread out until it finds a spot to tap into.
Usually, evergreen tree roots extend at a depth that is multiplied into twice or thrice the farthest point of the tree, also called the drip line, and can even survive at a depth as low as 20 feet.
How are evergreen trees planted?
Evergreens are popular as they are such majestic trees that can be used for a variety of purposes. In residential properties, evergreens are a hit as they can be utilized not only to make the air cleaner but also serves as a landscaping wonder that can make your home more private and away from the eyes of onlookers.
When you want to plant an evergreen tree on your lawn, it would be very helpful to do your research before investing your time, money, and effort. After all, you would want your tree to grow healthy as the years pass.
Here are the usual steps that you need to do to plant an evergreen tree:
- Before planting, it is important to know the best season to plant your tree. It is highly recommended to do your planting during fall, but of course, this is not always the case. Depending on your location, it may be ideal to plant your tree in the early summer or even winter. Just make sure to take note of the tree you are planting and the specific requirement it needs to stay healthy.
- Choose the right location before planting and do the necessary preparations. Take all factors into account such as space, exposure to sunlight, soil type, etc. This will make your tree more likely to survive. Even though evergreen trees are hardy, it would not be too much for you to ensure that they will have adequate resources.
- Remove the tree gently from its pot or container, and inspect its root ball before doing the planting. If you see some extreme tangling happening, you may need to do some trimming. If the tangling is just minor, you can use your fingers to thoroughly brush through the roots to give your tree more chance to absorb the nutrients in the soil later.
- Place the tree in the area where you want it to grow, and then cover its root ball with soil. After the tree is planted, water it gently and adequately.
- Depending on the location of the tree and the weather, you may need to do some mulching around it or you may need to water the tree several times a day. Just remember that overwatering is sometimes worse than a dehydrated plant, which is why you will need to exercise extreme caution.
What are the best evergreen trees to plant?
Of course, the “best” evergreen tree to plant will be subjective to an individual’s preference, need, location, and taste, but we would still list down what we think are the nicest evergreen trees to place on your lawn.
If you have clay soil, plant a Sweetbay Magnolia.
Known for its vase-like shape and sometimes oval form, Sweetbay Magnolia is popular for people who want a medium-size tree planted on their lawn. Aside from its attractive leaves, Sweetbay also releases a mild lemony scent.
If your tree will be exposed to full sun, plant a Red cedar.
Known for their hardy characteristic, Red cedar trees can survive in different varieties of soil conditions. Though they prefer cold conditions, it will grow in places that will be exposed to full sun. Red cedars are attractive due to their needles and are commonly used for landscaping as well.
If you have wet soil, plant a Balsam Fir.
When you have wet soil on your lawn, that does not mean that wanting to plant an evergreen tree would be hopeless. There are some varieties of evergreen that will survive when planted in wet soil, such as the Balsam Fir. Balsam is a type of needled evergreen that can be placed in full sun or partial shade, and is popular due to its fragrant smell. This type of fir is also one of the variants of trees that are specially grown to be used as a Christmas tree.
Would it be possible to trim a root without killing the tree?
Although evergreen trees do not need much maintenance, there will be times where they would need to be maintained and trimmed, especially if their roots have spread too much. When this happens, it is totally possible to trim an evergreen’s tree roots without doing so much damage to the tree. However, it will need skills and expertise as most trees can no longer grow their roots back once they are trimmed.
To make sure that you are properly pruning or trimming your evergreen tree, it would be best to get an arborist’s help. Arborists are the professionals that are also called tree doctors, and are the experts who are knowledgeable about trees, such as the best way to plant them, maintain them, and safely remove them whenever necessary.